Tag: Wine travel

96 hours of Napa and Sonoma: Napa

“Asians like to plan everything, we Americans tend to plan the first stop and swing it from there,” remarked our tour guide at Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars.

Respectfully, he obviously did not understand the pain of flying a good 16+ hours, and the amount of determination required for an average white-collar from Asia to allocate literally his/her entire annual leave for the whole year just to make this wine trip happen. (On average, Asians have around 10 days annual leave.) You will want to plan. You will naturally want to use every minute of your trip well.I put on my planner hat when asked to join a Napa and Sonoma wine trip with friends from Hong Kong couple weeks ago. 96 hours for a Sideways experience sans midlife crisis resolution. This is my version of a 4D3N Napa and Sonoma trip, in dedication to my wine buddies in Hong Kong and all others who simply do not have the luxury of spending weeks in a wine country but still want to see it all.

Our Day One and Two were spent entirely in Napa Valley. It is indeed very tempting for first-timers to focus their energies on famous valley floor sites along Highway 29, but that would have allowed us to mainly see the historic part (and generally more touristy side) of Napa. Instead, we drove up and down the hills of Napa Valley, focusing mainly on exploring the less-travelled mountain and hillside sites and wineries.

Day One – Pritchard Hill, Calistoga and St Helena

9am Set off from Sacramento to Napa

I chose to start my trip in Sacramento instead of San Francisco. Both cities are great starting points, each approximately 50 miles from the heart of Napa. We travelled with Southwest Airlines and flying to Sacramento (from either Los Angeles or Las Vegas) allowed us all to get in early in the morning before 8am instead of around noontime for San Francisco, enough said. We met up at the airport around 8am and hustled to the car rental centre, a short 5-minute shuttle ride from the airport.

    These two rows of vines belong to two different blocks in Chappellet, the one on the left marks the beginning of a remarkably steeper slope which forms the hillside block, whereas that on the right belongs to the hilltop block. Such detailed differentiation is practiced in Chappellet in order to enable meticulous quality sorting.
11am Winery Visit and Tasting at Chappellet / 1581 Sage Canyon Road, St. Helena, CA 94574

Getting there…
GPS gets you close, but this is how you get there
Reasons to visit:
1. To see the AVA-quality level non-AVA site Pritchard Hill which, according to Donn, Chappellet’s founder, it is “a hole between Oakville, Howell Mountain, the Stags Leap District, Rutherford and Chiles Valley”. On Pritchard Hill, you would be able to see the two mountain ranges that define Napa Valley in one panoramic view. Facing the hilltop of Chappellet, on your left you will see the luxurious, plush and green Mayacamas, on your right you will have the sparsely vegetated, sandy Vaca Mountains.
2. Chappellet is one of the pioneers of hillside vineyard planting in Napa back in 1960s. In fact, they have gone into differentiating hilltop versus hillside blocks these days.
3. Chappellet bred a handful of renowned winemakers, all of whom have significantly shaped Napa wines till now: Philip Togni who brought the essence of the legendary Emile Peynaud “Father of Modern Winemaking” to Napa and now produces from Spring Mountain AVA, Cathy Corison who found her way back down to the valley floor in St Helena AVA, and Tony Soter who moved away from Napa in 2007 and settled down in Yamhill-Carlton AVA in Willamette Valley, Oregon.
4. Trivia: The sacred-looking pyramid-shaped main building that houses Chappellet’s visitor centre and part of their winery is the preferred chapel for a handful of Master Sommeliers and the loves of their lives.
What do you get out of the visit?
We joined the Signature Tasting, which is a 90 Minute experience that begins walking through the winery, moves into the vineyard and finishes in the winery for a seated cellar tasting. Includes a pouring of 5 of Chappellet’s Signature, flagship wines including Chappellet Prichard Hill Cabernet Sauvignon. (US$75)

12:30pm/1pm Quick bite in the town of St Helena

It takes no more than 30 minutes to get from Pritchard Hill to the town of St Helena. August being the peak season for Napa wine tourism, you should expect a fairly difficult time to find a parking spot on St Helena’s Main Street. This small town is surrounded by great eateries like Greystone Restaurant, which is housed within the Napa campus building of Culinary Institute of America (Note: the restaurant is closed over specific periods of times throughout the year, always check their website to make sure they are open!), Tra Vigne, Archetype etc. However, when you only have 4D3N, plus wineries are usually open only from 10 in the morning till 4 in the afternoon, you probably do not want to slot in long lunches. We headed over to The Model Bakery for a simple sandwich, some pastries and sizeable 16-ounce coffees. Simple, country style bakery. Not bad as a noontime vino break destination.

    The three original single vineyards defined by Al Brounstein, founder of Diamond Creek Vineyards are Red Rock Terrace, Gravelly Meadow and Volcanic Hill. They are very close to each other but each enjoys a distinctive soil profile and mesoclimate. Getting to the pond at the bottom of Red Rock Terrace places you at a point where you are 60 feet away from each single vineyard. A short 10 minute drive or a relaxing 30 minute hike would take you to the Lake Vineyard, the coolest and smallest single vineyard of the estate.
2pm Winery Visit at Diamond Creek Vineyards / 1500 Diamond Mountain Road, Calistoga, CA

Getting there…
GPS gets you close, but this is how you get there
Reasons to visit:
1. Diamond Creek started applying Burgundy’s vineyard classification in Napa. Acreage of each of their distinctive blocks are comparable to the sizes of some Grand Cru sites in Burgundy! The smallest being Lake, which only claimed 3/4 acre, and the largest is Volcanic Hill which took up 8 acres.
2. Diamond Creek was the first Napa Valley winery to crack the $100/bottle mark at retail, in 1987. That wine was the 1978 vintage of Lake Vineyard. What makes the legend more legendary is the fact that when founder Al started his winery back in 1968, he brought in vine cuttings from 3 out of 4 Bordeaux first growths. Due to non-disclosure agreement, they cannot tell you which 3 they are. However, one thing for sure is that the selection does not include Chateau Mouton Rothschild for obvious reasons. Mouton Rothschild joined the Premier Cru Classe league only in 1973!
3. Each block is planted to St George rootstock but are trained differently according to vine vigour which is influenced by microclimate, soil type, level of water stress (the entire estate is almost all dry-farmed, except limited parts that house young vines on Red Rock Terrace). For those who are obsessed not only in crimson liquids but also gnarly plants, Diamond Creek is where you’d get to see 46 year old St George vines, some trained on Geneva Double Curtain (Hint: you will see some on the top of slope at the far end of Red Rock Terrace!)
4. Trivia: I asked Phil why Diamond Creek houses more than half a dozen fountains in the whole estate. He traces it back to his father’s love for water and jokingly remarked that it might have to do with your star signs. Al is an Aquarius, Boots is likely an Aquarius too (she was born in early February) and Phil himself is Pisces. It doesn’t take a psychic to tell that this is a water-loving family.
What do you get out of the visit?
Diamond Creek Vineyards was one of the highlights of the entire trip. To start with, this winery makes it clear that they do not normally receive public visitors. The vineyard and its beautiful recreational area are open to public for just 4 days each year. My last minute email fortunately caught the eye of Phil Ross, son of Al and Boots Brounstein. Thank you Phil for receiving us at the winery, showing us around all the vineyard blocks specifically the acclaimed Lake Vineyard, and sharing a beautiful half bottle of 2006 Volcanic Hill with us. If you want to visit Diamond Creek, by all means write to them. No generic content please though.

    An old St George rootstock vine at Kronos Vineyard of Corison Winery. Note that the vine is head pruned. Age gives this plant a thick, gnarly, lignified trunk, reduced vigour and much spacing between berries, which encourages air flow and prevents rot within the bunch.
4pm Winery Visit and Tasting at Corison Winery / 987 St. Helena Highway, Saint Helena, CA 94574

Getting there…
GPS will get you there, it is just south of the town of St Helena.
Reasons to visit:
1. Cathy Corison was one of the first female winemakers in Napa, she was with Chappellet for a decade before starting to make her own namesake wines in 1987, bringing her stylistic allegiance to elegant and linear wines to the valley floor, which generally gives more voluptuous, powerful wines. Up till today, Corison Winery remains known for consistently harvesting their grapes earlier than their neighbours. That among all else marks Corison’s commitment to delivering elegant wines.
2. Check out the old vines at the famed ‘Kronos’ vineyard and the vine spacing! Vine spacing is the one thing that gives the age of the vineyard away. Despite Napa’s ultra high land prices you will still see certain parcels of vineyards designated for commercial production planted relatively sparsely! The usual spacing between rows and vines is 4″x4″, whereas for the older vineyards in Napa (boasting average vine age at 40 to 50 years old) the spacing doubles. You will see that those gnarly old vines enjoy a 8″x10″ spacing. At Diamond Creek Vineyards, Phil Ross explained the reason behind. Technology shrinks sizes of farming (and all) machines, back then they were much bigger, naturally you needed wider rows to get them through!
What do you get out of the visit?
We joined the “Corison Library Experience”, which features current releases plus select older vintages from Cathy’s extensive Cabernet Library for a total of six wines, including their signature Corison Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon and their Estate wine, Kronos Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon. ($65)

    Al fresco terrace dining at Auberge du Soleil draws a perfect full stop to our first day in Napa.
5:45pm Auberge du Soleil / 180 Rutherford Hill Rd. Rutherford, CA 94573

Getting there…
GPS will get you to the entrance gate of the inn, the restaurant is just a little further up. There is no gate, and valet services is complimentary, or should I say, compulsory because self park is just not an option, maverick.

Corison tasting would take up approximately an hour, leaving you with ample time to drive over to Rutherford Hills along the picturesque Silverado Trail, which runs parallel to CA-128. Auberge du Soleil is now equally known as a prime luxury inn option and what it was originally built for 30 years ago: one of the first fine dining destination in Napa. Perched on Rutherford Hill, al fresco dining on the restaurant terrace surely ends the day with a high note, tinted in a fiery shade of sunset rouge. I was fairly surprised when they announced that tasting menu is not necessarily for the table, a practice generally adopted in fine dining outlets to sychronize service tempo. No complaint, for that makes it possible for us to try out nearly half of Auberge’s menu by doing one tasting menu and one four-course menu. After a total of 10 individual course, 5 tasting wines, a Fat Tire beer to start with and a lovely 2002 Dubrul Cote Bonneville from Washington State (well we had enough Napa for the day) to accompany the whole dinner, the soleil went down, the moon rises, the crowd is happy.

    My favourite course from Auberge is their Kurobuta Pork Belly with Figs, Padron Peppers, Cipollini, Port.

Day Two – Howell Mountain, Stags Leap District, Mount Veeder

8am Morning coffee at Oxbow Market / 2180 Jefferson St, Napa, CA 94559

If you are bored of hotel breakfast, an early morning drive around the quaint downtown area of Napa well before shops open up is nice. Oxbow Public market plays host to a mix of cheese and gourmet shops, chocolate and tea emporiums, wine bars and cafes. Coffee lovers (or needers like me) might want to drop by Ritual Coffee. You will find yourself meeting three young, passionate baristas who are very keen to introducing you to their Charlie’s Coffee Factory world of aromas. I had an espresso with pineapple, caramelised banana and cinnamon flavours; and I asked if those are infused flavors, only to find my curiosity blown into smithereens by an incredulous face, followed by an almost condescending lecture on how those are natural flavors. Well, grudge aside, they make good coffees but their way of expressing their love for these brown beans simply go beyond the imagination and understanding of the “ignorant” mass. Well, ain’t it the same for wine lovers sometimes?

    Gravity flow winemaking is one of the most impressive features of Ladera. Strategically placing their winery facilities at 3 different levels, the winery eliminates the need of crushing, as the mere force of dropping the grapes from the top level to the level below, together with the weight of grapes themselves allow crushing to happen naturally.
11am Estate Tour and Tasting at Ladera Vineyards / 150 White Cottage Road South, Angwin, CA 94508

Getting there…
GPS will get you close, this is how you get there.
Reasons to visit:
1. Howell Mountain AVA alone is worth the trip. This mountain AVA was established in 1983 as the first sub-AVA appellation in Napa. It is also the very first AVA delineated by vineyard elevation. Vineyards within this AVA must be planted above 1,400 feet (430 metres), an altitude that elevates all of them well above the fog line. The climate here thus poses a stark contrast against the valley floor sites which enjoy cool morning fog from San Pablo Bay seeping in through Carneros AVA. Just for fun, take Old Howell Mountain Road, a narrow, winding road that guides you up this famed mountain AVA of Napa. It is a beautiful drive but most of the time you would only be able to proceed maximum at 15 miles per hour. If you are in a hurry, take the alternative, well-paved Deer Park Road.
2. Dunn Vineyard is the first name that pop up in peoples’ minds when talking about Howell Mountain. For good and bad, Dunn does not really have a hospitality programme in place. Same goes for La Jota, the other celebrated pioneer of this AVA region. Writing to both in advance (we are talking about weeks here) sincerely detailing why you want to visit, together with references from senior trade professionals may help. The alternative is to visit their neighbours which are putting their hearts and souls into making good wines. That is how I found and eventually chose to visit Ladera.
3. Superb ageability is one of the key attributes of Howell Mountain’s Cabernet Sauvignon. That usually translates into wines that are unapologetically austere and not-so-friendly during their youth. Comparatively I find Ladera Cabernet, be it their Reserve or flagship “S” selection, appear slightly more approachable than their neighbors. And the true delights of the tasting though, is their Howell Mountain Sauvignon Blanc and Pillow Road Pinot Noir (which are produced in Russian River Valley, Sonoma).
What do you get out of the visit?
We joined the “Estate Tour”, which starts with a walk in the vineyard then an extensive tour of their winery facilities. A good example of gravity flow winemaking. The highlight, of course, includes a tasting of their wines which include a mini vertical of the Howell Mountain Reserve and a taste of the their flagship Cabernet Sauvignon “S” Howell Mountain. ($65)

    Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars rose to fame in 1976 when its 1973 S.L.V. Cabernet Sauvignon beat Bordeaux first growth in a blind tasting called Judgment of Paris.
2pm Winery Visit and Tasting at Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars / 5766 Silverado Trail, Napa, CA 94558

Getting there…
GPS will get you close, this is how you get there.
Reasons to visit:
1. If you have heard about the renowned 1976 Judgment of Paris, you would have heard of Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars. Back in 1976, their 1973 Cabernet Sauvignon produced from the S.L.V. vineyard won the French versus American wine blind tasting hosted by Steven Spurrier. Yes it is the S.L.V. Cabernet, and not the flagship Cask 23, that won Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars timeless glory. Cask 23’s fame partly rooted from the fact that it was produced under the tutelage of one of the historical giants who influenced post-Prohibition American winemaking, the late Andre Tchelistcheff. Haven’t heard of him? Robert Mondavi regarded this man as his mentor. Donn Chappellet allegedly started planting grapes on Pritchard Hill following Tchelistcheff’s advice. Georges de Latour started Beaulieu’s flagship wine production because of him. The celebrated status of Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars closely links with its lengthy winemaking alumni list now permanently documented on its Wall of Fame. Whilst some wineries chose to highlight their winemaker’s decades, or lifetime, of loyalty and dedication to the winery, Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars did the otherwise. It proudly proclaims to the world that the winery’s lifeline has been shaped by over 35 different winemakers in 3 decades, and the majority upon departure has gone on to work for some of the best Napa has to offer, for example, Michael Silacci of Opus One Winery was with Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars from 1995 to 2001.
2. Stags Leap District as a region has an equally interesting story. Personally I believe in the entire history of mankind, no place has ever put such monumental emphasis on an “apostrophe”. The punctuation mark has cost Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars and Stags’ Leap Winery (note the position of the apostrophe) millions of US dollars over a lengthy lawsuit on who is entitled to use “Stags Leap” in their names. California Supreme Court ruled that they should both be allowed to use it, provided that they observe the court’s decision on the position of the apostrophe! The eventual establishment of Stags Leap District as an AVA in 1989 sees the government’s witty avoidance of the million-dollar apostrophe. Just when we thought that a million dollar lawsuit is going to leave two men in lifelong rivalry, owners of the two wineries reconciled in 1986 and made an one-time cuvee called “Accord”, a blend of both wineries’ Cabernet grapes.
What do you get out of the visit?
We joined the “Estate Wine Tasting & Cave Tour”, which starts with a tour of the vineyards and winery, where you’d get to see their wall of fame with handprints of all those whom have got involved in winemaking at Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars. After that, a short walk took us to the border of FAY vineyard. Tasting of their Estate offerings after a quick walk through the cellars and an introduction of the artworks displayed within, wines tasted includes the Arcadia Chardonnay, followed by FAY, S.L.V. and Cask 23 Cabernet Sauvignon. ($50)

    Donald Hess, owner of Hess Winery, is one of the most prominent contemporary art collectors in America. This piece by Polish female artist Magdalena Abakanowicz captured the element of war and wound, senseless destruction and regeneration into one massive piece of cannon-like art piece.
4pm Tour, Wine & Chocolate Experience at Hess Collection / 4411 Redwood Road Napa, CA 94558

Getting there…
GPS will get you close, this is how you get there.
Reasons to visit:
1. The history of Hess Winery is virtually an account of American wine history, from the perspective of four generations of Hess family and their predecessors. It all started with an early German settler who, against all odds, chose to settle down in Mount Veeder. Prohibition and the Great Depression in 1929 sent the winery into the hands of Christian Brothers, who expanded the winery and used the facilities to produce wines under the current neighbor of Hess Winery: Mont La Salle. In 1986 the winery was leased to Swiss entrepreneur Donald Hess for 100 years. Over the next few decades, Hess continued to buy land in Mount Veeder, building Hess Winery into the largest landowner in Mount Veeder AVA; whilst maintaining a space to showcase part of his contemporary art collection in the original winery building.
2. Historical significance aside, Hess’ visitor centre boasts an array of interesting educational tasting and tour options that go beyond the appreciation of wine. The art museum is not-to-be-missed, featuring contemporary rare artworks that generally reside in world class destinations like Guggenheim and MoMA. I myself am particularly impressed by the works of Polish female artist Magdalena Abakanowicz and Swiss photo-realist painter Franz Gertsch. Decided to immerse only in wine during your trip? Perhaps you can go for what I’d return to Hess Collection for during my next Napa trip. Every Thursday at 10am, Hess regularly holds a 2-hour vineyard “hike” where participants get to walk through the old Mont la Salle vineyard, the 1936 Brother Timothy old Cabernet block and the more recent blocks owned by Hess.

    Delicious artisan truffles developed and handcrafted with TCHO chocolate by Hess’ Pastry Chef and Chocolatier, Emma Kate Veader. This is a serious wine and chocolate experience. Be prepared to get educated.

What do you get out of the visit?
We joined the “Tour, Wine & Chocolate Experience”, which starts with a visit to the historical vineyard right by the entrance where you get to see bush-trained super old vines that are dry farmed and now used only to produce wines for sacramental purposes. Then we proceeded to the visitor centre to see the old Christian Brothers’ chai which now houses the barrels of Hess Collection wines, and the art museum for a sneak peek of Donald Hess’ contemporary art collection. Then comes the best part of the tour: wine and chocolate pairing. Four chocolates are paired with four different varietal wines from Hess Collection, that was a late afternoon tango on the tongue experience. Sensual. ($65)

    PRESS infuses chic Californian decor elements into its modern farmhouse-styled structure. This valley floor location might not have the view of Auberge, but it charms its diners with its relaxed, warm and homely ambience.
6:30pm PRESS Restaurant / 587 St. Helena Highway, St. Helena, CA 94574

My Day Two’s choice of restaurant is more chic than classic. Instead of heading all the way back down to CA-128 as suggested by my GPS, I chose to drive along the narrow, winding Dry Creek Road to get to St Helena from Mount Veeder. A word of caution to friends whom have relatively low alcohol tolerance, for most parts this is a one-way road along steep slopes, drive slow or simply opt for the highway if you are in a tipsy state. PRESS Restaurant locates on the periphery of the town of St Helena, not far from Corison Winery which we visited on Day One. The modern farmhouse canvas sets a relaxed, laid-back atmosphere against which the pompous fireplace, ceiling fans and low-hanged lanterns accentuate the cosy restaurant space with a stylish touch of Californian luxury.

PRESS features an exclusively Napa wine list, and there are definitely great bargains lurking here and there if you look close enough! We got a bottle of 1987 La Jota Howell Mountain and paid US$135 for it. (After I got back to Las Vegas I wanted to get an extra bottle for myself and found that this wine is retailed at US$120 now!) Food is spectacular, and I had to give them extra credit for using BN Ranch meat. Hands down the grass-red BN ranch bavette was one of the best steaks I have ever had. In terms of food styling, PRESS might be a notch lower than Auberge du Soleil, but when it comes to quality of ingredients, I have to cast my vote for PRESS.

    My favourite dish from PRESS, needless to say, is their BN ranch grass-fed bavette.

After dinner I drove to Sonoma, feeling quite contented with our two days in Napa. In 48 hours time we managed to drive through and see almost all 16 Napa sub-appellations (to be exact, all except the two sparsely planted one i.e. Atlas Peak and Wild Horse Valley and the newest AVA Coombsville.) The following 48 hours, my heart belonged to Sonoma, a nice change of scene from Napa, everything is a lot more spread out, and diversity shines through a rainbow spectrum of grape varieties planted in this county. In twilight, I crossed over from the Cabernet kingdom to the Pinot Noir country, with Chopin’s posthumous Nocturne in C# minor softly playing on the background. Life is good.

“God made Cabernet.The Devil made Pinot Noir” ~ André Tchelistcheff (1901-1994)


「你有看2005年美國恐怖片The Exorcism of Emily Rose 嗎?該片主角是根據我們這個小鎮的1950年代的原居民Anneliese Michel的故事改編的!Anneliese 二十三歲時因抵受不住所謂『驅魔』治療,導致嚴重營養不良和脫水而死。去年她在我們小鎮的故居午夜失火,據說不少報章攝影師拍下的照片能看到Anneliese 的影子!」

近半夜12時,大夥兒正跟隨 Weingut Stadt Klingenberg,出生於德國盛產 Pinot Noir 紅酒 Ahr 河谷的年輕莊主 Benedikt Baltes,一起前往德國 Bavaria 省 Klingenberg 鎮地標,座落半山的中世紀古堡 Clingenberg 的戶外葡萄酒派對。這個人口才不過6000多人的小鎮,位於美茵河下游部分,800多年的歷史為這個小鎮的晚上帶來古舊的靜謐,一切本來就是我這個都市百忙中萬分期盼的歐陸舒雅。嘿,真不知道我犯著了什麼,半夜跟這年僅28歲,對酒跟人生都滿腔熱誠的 Benedikt 邊走邊聊,怎地從談論葡萄酒談到驅魔的呢?晚上的悄靜,突然添上半分心寒,直教我哆嗦。

半夜怪談倒數六個小時,那是同日傍晚時分,我們一行六七人從小鎮酒店步行到 Weingut Stadt Klingenberg。Benedikt 的酒莊是我們五天酒莊行的最後一站,連日舟居勞頓,大家基本都累透了,心裡想著這個世界釀酒地圖上毫不起眼的小區,大概不會有啥驚喜,還是迅速試完酒,回酒店收拾行李準備翌日登機回家好了。Benedikt 緩緩從品酒室走出來迎接我們,笑容可掬的他兩邊臉蛋染著夕日的橘紅,與六時許的豔陽相輝映,彷彿在提醒所謂「天地人」結合的 Terroir,常被省略但不可或缺的一部分是人。Benedikt 簡述酒莊歷史,葡萄田位置及特色等,然後畫龍點晴的指出:「我的長遠打算是在我的田裏100%種植 Pinot Noir。」大家都有點意外了,這個在釀酒分區上屬於德國 Franken 大區,Franken 產區近80%葡萄是白葡萄,以 Müller-Thurgau和Silvaner 為主,約20%的紅葡萄品種,以 Domina 和 Spatburgunder(也就是大家熟識的 Pinot Noir)為主。一般酒莊為減低失收風險和迎合更廣泛口味,都選擇種植多種葡萄品種。像 Benedikt 般計劃專注於單一葡萄品種的屬少數。Benedikt 的 Pinot Noir 大計,啟示了這次酒莊遊的 Noir 發現。

Benedikt 的私人酒藏幾乎全都是 Pinot Noir,來自世界各地不同酒區,好讓他能參考不同酒風。這一節是他的古稀酒藏。

Benedikt 的私人酒藏幾乎全都是 Pinot Noir,來自世界各地不同酒區,好讓他能參考不同酒風。這一節是他的古稀酒藏。
Klingenberg 的優質葡萄田的特色,與其他德國頂級葡萄田同中帶異。位於適合釀酒地帶的邊緣位置的德國,頂級葡萄田幾乎全都位於非常陡峭的斜坡、斜坡面向南方及臨近河畔(以享受河面反射的額外日照)。Klingenberg 的頂級葡萄田 Hohberg 和 Schlossberg 亦然,稍為不同的是由於斜坡實在太陡峭,故這兩塊葡萄田依梯田設計,矮矮的葡萄樹竪立在密窄的梯田上,遠觀有點像中國的茶園!近年全球暖化的關係,減低了這個產區以致全德所有酒區熟成 Pinot Noir 的難度。此外,德國年輕一代的釀酒師積極周遊全球各國頂級產區進行釀酒及種植技術交流,以 Benedikt 為例,他打算於葡萄園改用法國勃艮地高密集種植密度(一公頃10,000株葡萄樹),以提昇葡萄酒濃度及質素。這兩個來自大自然及人的改變,勢必為德國紅酒帶來新景象。

2010 Klingenberger Blanc de Noir “R” 1500ml Magnum 瓶。

2010 Klingenberger Blanc de Noir “R” 1500ml Magnum 瓶。
Benedikt 為我們安排的品酒,當然是全 Pinot Noir 的。先試白酒。大家別見外,Pinot Noir 是可以用來做白酒的,經典酒區法國香檳區便是表表者。香檳區的 Pinot Noir,透徹中帶點粉紅躍影的酒液是由壓榨及發酵去皮的葡萄製成的,再經二次發酵後,用上 100% Pinot Noir 的 Blanc de Noirs,與 Chardonnay 和Pinot Meunier 混成的便是大家熟悉的 Champagne blend。Benedikt 演繹的 Pinot Noir 白酒,冠名 Blanc de Noirs,但卻不是氣泡酒。他用的是採收回來的葡萄的自流汁(free run juice)進行發酵,後經適當木桶及瓶中陳釀製成的。2010 年的 Reserve,教人喜出望外。無過濾,歷經乳酸菌發酵後加以五個月一半在新木桶,一半在舊木桶陳釀的這款 Pinot Noir 白酒,滿鼻黃梨、黃梅、中調帶牛肝蕈菇和松露的香氣,很成熟多變的一款白酒,與德國 Franken 區盛產的 Silvaner 白酒味道及風格皆截然不同。後試他釀造的 Pinot Noir 紅酒,有別於一般德國 Pinot Noir,予我果香奔放、常帶濃烈火山岩的辛香的味感,Benedikt 的作品帶勃艮地的含蓄和骨幹,這大概與他如何處理葡萄有關。Weingut Stadt Klingenberg 的葡萄採收後平均浸皮時間偏長,且以野生自然酵母發酵,後由釀酒團隊根據酒液的特性分別置於300至2400升不等的德國橡木桶中陳釀。除了酒莊的入門酒 Buntsandstein Spatburgunder Trocken 外,所有作品在灌瓶前皆不經過濾,好讓葡萄酒保留更多陳年過程中綻放多樣化味道的酚類化合物(phenolics)。

午夜時分 Clingenburg 古堡,戶外葡萄酒派對的霓虹燈讓古堡添上一層摩登感。

午夜時分 Clingenburg 古堡,戶外葡萄酒派對的霓虹燈讓古堡添上一層摩登感。
八瓶酒過後,大夥兒都心滿意足了。打算回程之際,Benedikt 謂當天晚上他和團隊在半山的 Clingenburg 古堡舉辦一年一度的戶外「樂與怒」葡萄酒派對。貪玩的小眾跟隨 Benedikt 走小路到半山的古堡參加派對。早已夜深的關係,整個小鎮除了澄黃的街燈照亮街角外,幾乎都是黑影重疊的。我跟 Benedikt 走在前面,幾瓶酒後加上志趣相投的關係大家都混熟了,也就無所不談了。這「不識趣」的大男孩於是偏離他的 Pinot Noir 大計,聊起這個小鎮的另類Noir事兒:那個1950年代因承受不住「驅魔」程序而死的妙齡女生 Anneliese Michel。人就是喜歡心裡自作崇,我就是這樣帶著不安走了十多分鐘坡路,杯弓蛇影,看見燈火通明的戶外葡萄酒派對會場真鬆了一口大氣。


Clingenburg 古堡褪去黃昏時分莊嚴聳然的模樣,堡壘高處裝上嫣紅霓紫的射燈,照射廣場中心臨時搭建的表演台,台下佈滿半站半坐的羣眾,他們都在喝葡萄酒,用的不是那優雅的高腳杯,而是迷你啤酒杯。這種以酒會友的葡萄酒活動跟香港主流要求衣著端莊的品酒會,大家也許分享著同樣的開心;前者額外的半分狂野玩味,成就了我在香港大部分的品酒活動中,難遇上的一份輕鬆自在。我在想,推動葡萄酒文化,或許可以偏離品味人生,從玩味人生出發?午夜兩點半回到房間,我心裏一邊慶幸人已累得大概沒氣力胡思亂想啥鬼怪魔妖之事,一邊想我這輩子大概不會忘記 小鎮 Klingenberg 教人著「魔」的醇酒風情。葡萄酒是生活,是人情,更是充滿活力,更是平易近人,這小鎮完美地呈現了。Prost! (敬酒 “Cheers” 的德文)


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